A Notebook-A Distant Memory From Gallipoli - Turkish Officers attending Anzac Day in New Zealand ( Haluk Oral)

Tarih: 06/06/2017   /   Toplam Yorum 1   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 914

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During the Korean War, Turkey, New Zealand and Australia were all on the same side. In Korea, the troops from all these countries in 1953 participated in a procession together for the Anzac Day ceremonies to which General Sırrı Acar was also invited. In 1954, the government of New Zealand applied to its Turkish counterpart to request for inviting a military committee from Turkey to Anzac Day ceremonies. When the request was approved, a committee was assigned from the Turkish garrison in Korea. The committee of four officers included Major Halim Kural, Captain Orhan Aydemir and Captain Şinasi Çapar as well as their commander, a colonel whose name we will also hear later: Cemal Madanoğlu. The news about the arrival of the committee appearing on tens of journal aroused profound interest in New Zealand. The Christchurch Press on its April 23, 1954 issue, for instance, reports that as soon as the committee has arrived they participated in two consecutive functions during which senior soldiers from New Zealand who fought in Gallipoli campaign raced each other to shake hands with them.  (H.O)

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General Patton - Gallipoli A Staff Study (Lt.Gen. Ben Hodges)

Tarih: 23/02/2017   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 1153

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George Patton is famous among military historians and modern Soldiers for his aggressive, audacious, relentless, and hard-nosed approach to warfighting.  He is also famous for his study of military history and his extensive library which was full of books with his thoughtful annotations and assessments of Leaders and Generals and campaigns throughout history.  These annotations in his own books, in his own hand-writing, give insight into how he thought, and reveal his sense that he may actually have lived and fought in previous wars throughout history.

Lt.Gen Ben Hodges is one of the senior US officer in Europe. He was the head of Allied Land Command (LANDCOM), of which HQ is at Izmir/Turkey, between 2012-2014. He prepared "General Patton's Gallipoli Staff Study" with Gallipoli Campaign researcher Prof.Haluk Oral. The study published in Turkish by İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları in February 2017

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The Bloody Handkerchief (Ömer Arslan)

Tarih: 25/01/2017   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 2326

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This is a moving real story which has carried Gallipoli's emotions from the past to today. In Gallipoli Campaign bloody days , Turkish soldiers Ali and Yusuf from 64.Regiment attended a fierce battle with Otago Battalion on Baby 700 area on 2-3 May 1915. After the fighting, Ali found an handkerchief on which it was written “A gift from mother to his son George for his 28th birthday 2 April 1915” This handkerchief belonged to George Tomas Uren , New Zealand Brigade , Otago Battalion. After weeks, Yusuf was seriosly wounded in the 64.Regiment assault on Conkbayırı positions on 7 August 1915. His comrade, best friend Ali tried to stop bleeding with this handkerchief. Just before dying, Yusuf asked Ali that took this bloody handkerchief to his wife. The Bloody Handkerchief has remained as a remembrance in Ali & Yusuf's grandsons , so far. Turkish Gallipoli Campaign researcher Ömer Arslan wrote this moving news for GeliboluyuAnlamak website. He found Ali's and Yusuf's grandsons and took photograph the bloody handkerchief. His research continues on this subject.  

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To Halil İnalcık (Ali Yaycıoğlu)

Tarih: 19/08/2016   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 1935

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The great Ottoman historian Professor Halil İnalcık passed away on July 25 at the age of 100. İnalcık wrote groundbreaking books and articles on a vast range of themes: social responses to the Tanzimat reforms, peasant economies, methods of Ottoman conquest, the Khanate of Crimea, capital formation in the urban economy, the Ottoman legal order, and Indian Ocean trade. In his prolific career, İnalcık reshaped the field of Ottoman history. There is no doubt that with Köprülü, Wittek, and Barkan, İnalcık was one of the founding fathers of modern Ottoman studies. In the scope and impact of his work, İnalcık is the field’s most influential scholar. (A.Y.)

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Gallipoli Campaign: A Symbolic Battleground (Özgür Öztürk)

Tarih: 24/06/2016   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 2436

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This article argues that there is no static approach to the meaning of Gallipoli Campaign in Turkey. There is a social dimension that shapes the understanding of the battle continually. The understanding of the battle changes when a rival political group champions on the historiography of the battle. In Turkey, political groups, namely Kemalists and Islamists, contend over the meaning of the battle. This rivalry makes the history of Gallipoli Campaign as a symbolic battle ground between the groups. Since the Turks do not constitute a single political group, Gallipoli Campaign is what the groups make of it. In Turkey, Gallipoli Campaign is a historical heritage that is always under construction. (Ö.Ö.) 

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The French Battleship Bouvet was sunk by the Ottoman Artillery not sunk by the Mines, Turkish History Magazine #tarih claims

Tarih: 05/03/2016   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 2813

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Bouvet was hit and sunk by the Turkish coastal artillery not by the moored mines said researcher Prof. Ayhan Aktar from İstanbul Bilgi University. His interview with the diver/salvage operator Mr. Tosun Sezen was published in Turkish History Magazine in March 2016. Prof. Aktar wrote a short introductory piece to the new findings probably would change the historiography of the 18 March 1915 naval assault and disaster for the Allies who tried to pass the Dardanelles and capture Istanbul.

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How did the Ottomans really enter WWI? ( Emre Kızılkaya )

Tarih: 23/08/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 3129

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Exactly 101 years ago, a series of breath-taking developments in European and Turkish seas put the Ottoman Empire into a war that would destroy it. Recently revealed documents correct some misconceptions about how the Turks entered World War I


“Enver [Pasha] had wanted to stand back and let the Great Powers destroy one another. But his attempt to do so via secret deals with both Germany and Russia was ruined by the independent-minded German commander who sailed off with two warships and bombarded the Russian port of Sevastopol.” This is a paragraph from BBC History magazine’s April issue, reviewing “The Fall of the Ottomans” by Eugene Rogan, which is in line with the traditional narrative about how the Ottoman Empire, then led by de facto Commander-in-Chief Enver Pasha, “suddenly” entered World War I due to a fait accompli of a German admiral in October 1914.


Recently revealed historical documents which have not been translated into English yet, however, partly refute this traditional narrative, providing sound evidence to prove that Enver had actually ordered the German commander to attack Russia on the Black Sea, albeit without setting an exact timing.

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Tremors of WWI still felt in Middle East today, Interview with Author of The Fall of the Ottomans, Prof. Eugene Rogan (William Armstrong)

Tarih: 05/06/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 3328

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Professor Eugene Rogan’s blockbuster new book on the First World War in the Middle East and the collapse of the Ottoman dynasty is the first major title in the West to foreground the experiences of Turkish and Arab soldiers. Over 400 pages, the narrative sweeps through various campaigns, the wartime diplomacy of jostling Allies voraciously encircling the crumbling Ottoman Empire, and the post-war order that emerged across the region. Rogan also deals head on with the fate of the Ottoman Armenians – one example of an issue from the conflict that continues to simmer a century later. 


 


This interview published on 21 March 2015 issue Hurriyet Daily News , was put this site by the courtesy with William Armstrong.


 

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Major Halis Ataksor, A Turkish Officer on Arıburnu Front -Gallipoli (S.Serdar Halis Ataksor)

Tarih: 20/05/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 3915

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We present Major Halis' military life , A Turkish Officer who played an important role to defend Ariburnu area against Anzacs on 25 April 1915.


Located in Maydos-Zeytinlik, Halis Bey arrived at the 27th Regiment Headquarters at approximately 02:00 on the morning of April 25th. Upon receiving reports of 04:30 landings in Anzac Cove, Halis Bey through Sefik Bey, is ordered at 05:55 to make headway towards the enemy on an intercept course. With his 3rd Battalion, Halis Bey maneuvers to Gabatepe at about 06:00. Initially passing through the hills of Kakma Dag, he arrives in the plains of Ece Ovasi. Halis Bey's soldiers were under surveillance through enemy air-reconnaissance, but were well-protected. The 3rd Battalion eventually reached Kavak Dere where they assembled with Captain Ibrahim's 1st Battallion, who arrived at such coordinate from an alternative path. Both Battalions then proceed onward and arrive in Kemalyeri at approximately 07:40, specifically, at topographic altitude of 165 meters. Halis Bey briefly ad

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The Fall of the Ottomans: The Great War in the Middle East—1914-1920 -Eugene Rogan ( William Armstrong )

Tarih: 02/05/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 7200

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The victorious Allies’ post-war impositions attempted the complete dismemberment of the defeated Ottoman Empire. Even harsher than those inflicted on the Germans at Versailles, the conditions were forced onto a powerless sultan and central government in Constantinople. However, led by Mustafa Kemal, the hero of Gallipoli, the Turks were already planting the seeds of a resistance struggle in Anatolia that would eventually lead to the declaration of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. Elsewhere, the dismantling of the Ottoman Empire led to the formal partition of most of the Middle East into colonial mandates. For better or worse, the order of nation states that emerged remained essentially stable for almost 100 years. Whether or not one believes that the Middle East’s present day problems can all be traced back to the rupture of the Great War, there is no doubt that the conflict shaped much of the region for the next century. Rogan’s book is a terrific account of how that happened.

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Before I am accused of being a-Denialist An appeal to Historians who recognize the 1915-Incidents as a Genocide (Tuncay Yılmazer )

Tarih: 25/04/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 1   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 6295

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I am not a historian , only an ordinary Turkish citizen. All my life , I always condemned massacres, killings, seizure or torture of civilians, innocent people regardless of their religion, sect or ethnicity etc. Therefore, I deeply regret the way my (some) forefathers' treated innocent, civilian Armenians who were Ottoman citizens and where most of them were children, women or old people. They persecuted, killed, seized their properties during 1915 fateful months. I personally believe that “this was crime against humanity


You use the term “genocide” while describing these events. I wonder why you use a legal term for the 1915 events, you don't mark as “genocide” the nearly same events took place at the same decades, at the beginning of 20th century... You don't name Germany's treating Namibians in 1910 as a “Genocide”. Furthermore, Germany refused a simply “apology” You don't say Belgium Kingdom was responsible for massacres in Congo in 1905 , and committed “Genocide” I have been asking these questions at different times but nobody, explained what the differences are. Why and how do these events differ? (T.Y)

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Two Trenches,One Letter - A Gallipoli Project (Celal Yıldırım, Hatice Solmuş TED Mersin Koleji )

Tarih: 23/03/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 5386

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100 years have passed since the Gallipoli Campaign. Within these 100 years, empires collapsed, countries dashed. Generations changed. The last Anzac soldier who came back from the battlefront rejoined his brothers 12 years ago in 2003. However, those who died on this land are still in their twenties. Them, the  young martyrs! We, the new generations owe them. About what? About patriotism, courage, heroism and sense of fidelity.

Now I’d like to talk about our Gallipoli project, that was prepared in order to pay our debt even if a little. As TED Mersin College, we started a project for the 100th year of the war so as to let the new generations know more about Gallipoli and stories of both sides. We want to share the details of our project and our works and so contribute to “The Spirit of Gallipoli”. Here is a story of Gallipoli. 

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Winston Churchill, Islamic World, Middle East, Turks, Gallipoli and Atatürk - An Exclusive Interview with Cambridge University Historian Dr. Warren Dockter ( Tuncay Yılmazer )

Tarih: 18/02/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 2   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 6252

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There is no doubt that British Statesman Winston Churchill was one of the most influential leader in the 20th Century. In his 50th death anniversary , we present an exclusive interview with Dr. Warren Dockter. How Islam affected Winston Churchill’s  thoughts? Was Churchill's tendency to İslamic culture used by his political rivals against him ? Devamı

“What is different in my approach is to concentrate on a small geographical area of Gallipoli” An exclusive interview with Gallipoli Campaign Researcher Stephen Chambers ( M. Onur Yurdal-Tuncay Yılmazer)

Tarih: 12/01/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 1   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 7045

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We present an exclusive interview with Stephen Chambers , a well-known Gallipoli Campaign researcher . He has several books on Gallipoli Campaign’s important parts and their relations with terrain. You can read his books as a information or guide book. He has visited Gallipoli Battlefield for years.
He explains his approaching  Gallipoli Campaign  “ There are some very good single volume histories available today, from authors like Les Carlyon and Peter Hart, but I did not want to re-write what has already been done very well. What is different in my approach is to concentrate on a small geographical area of Gallipoli, telling its story through both official and first-hand accounts from both sides and, providing a battlefield guide for those who may want to visit the area. “
In this interview, he emphasized  that Gallipoli was an important, albeit unwanted, campaign for the British, but it is essential to remember that it was secondary to the main military efforts on the Western Fronts against the Germans. He also explain why Anzac was not a feint or Gully Ravine battle’s importance for Allied forces.

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A Condemnation from Gelibolu'yu Anlamak

Tarih: 11/01/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 0   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 3365

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Savaş Alanları-Gallipoli Battlefield photographs taken from the air ( Gökhan T. Karaman )

Tarih: 06/01/2015   /   Toplam Yorum 8   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 10697

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GeliboluyuAnlamak.com presents you Gallipoli Battlefield photographs taken from the air. Despite  threatening of construction projects, Gallipoli Peninsula is one of the most important battlefield in the world, which has preserved  its originality since the First World War. Gokhan Tarkan Karaman, Professional Photographer and Graphic designer , who dedicated his art to Gallipoli Battlefield presents beatiful photographs taken by his drone from the air. I am sure you have never seen Gallipoli Battlefield from these point so far. His special web site that contains such a excellent photos and videos will be aired coming soon. We look forward to his web site.

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Voices Of Gallipoli kitabının Türkçe Versiyonunun tanıtımının ve Dr. Ian McGibbon’un Sunumundan İzlenimler (M. Onur Yurdal)

Tarih: 22/11/2014   /   Toplam Yorum 3   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 7953

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Voices Of Gallipoli kitabının Türkçe Versiyonunun tanıtımının ve Dr. Ian McGibbon’un “From The Uttermost Ends Of The Earth New Zealand’s Century-Long Gallipoli Connection”(Dünya’nın En Uç Noktasından Yeni Zelanda’nın Bir Asırlık Gelibolu Bağlantısı-) başlıklı bir konuşma yaptığı Çanakkale –Akol Oteldeki  toplantıda ilginç izlenimler edindim ve paylaşma gereği hissettim. Program öncelikle Yeni Zelanda Türkiye Büyükelçisi Jonathan Curr’un bahsi geçen ve programın esas amacı olan Yeni Zelanda’lı yazar Maurice Shadbolt’un “Voices of Gallipoli” kitabının Türkçe versiyonunun tanıtımı ile başladı. Büyükelçi Jonathan Curr gerçekten samimi bir dile ile hatta ara sıra Türkçe kelimeler araya sokuşturarak kitabın tanıtımını gerçekleştirdi. 
Büyükelçinin sunumunun ardından sözü -aslında konuşmaları kitabı ve tanıtımı gölgeleyecek kadar etkili oldu- Dr. Ian McGibbon’a bıraktı. McGibbon öncelikle Yeni Zelanda’nın savaşta neden yer aldığı konusuna değindi. Savaştan önce sadece koyun üzerine kurulu bir ekonomisi olan Yeni Zelanda’da sanayinin nerede ise hiç olmadığı üzerinde durdu. Aslında Yeni Zelanda’nın Osmanlı ile savaş girmesinin iki ülke arasında bir gerginlik veya husumet olması sebebiyle değil, Yeni Zelanda dahil birçok ülkenin o zamanlar Britanya olduğuna dikkat çekti. Hatta Osmanlı ile Yeni Zelanda arasında neredeyse temas bile olmadığına vur

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Gallipoli Constructions Are Continuing , The History and The Environment are Getting Lost ( Tuncay Yılmazer )

Tarih: 29/09/2014   /   Toplam Yorum 1   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 6202

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Gallipoli battlefield faces new developments again. A ceremony area is being planned on the top of the Hill 971 (Kocaçimentepe) It is wrongly considered that Hill 971 was major assembly area for Turkish 57. Regiment before to attack against Anzacs on 25 April 1915 . For this reason they plan to construct a ceremonial ground on top of the Hill 971. This is a big mistake and such unnecessary projects will damage the environment. Another plan ! There is a rumour that a hotel will be built on Suvla A beach ( Kangoroo beach )!
Such developments, the architecture of which consists of extensive use of concrete and expensive granite stones, are not new to the peninsula. Especially over the last ten years, many memorials and cemeteries have been constructed on Gallipoli Peninsula....While Gallipoli constructions are continuing , the history and the environment are getting lost. (T.Y)

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Gallipoli campaign was a disastrous mistake from start to finish – An Exclusive Interview with a leading Military Historian Peter Hart ( M. Onur Yurdal )

Tarih: 17/11/2013   /   Toplam Yorum 2   / Yazar Adı:      /   Okunma 15675

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We present you an exclusive interview with Peter Hart, Military Historian and has numerous books and articles about great war and its fronts including Gallipoli Campaign. He speaks to Turkish media first time. In this interview, he makes clear that Gallipoli campaign was a disastrous mistake from start to finish and had no tenable objectives. He stressed that British accounts have perhaps over-exaggerated the importance of Liman von Sanders and other German commanders. As to Great War Commomerations he said: “I would prefer to treat the Great War and Gallipoli as historical events to be studied and understood rather than celebrated or commemorated. Centenaries are mere excuses for morbid sentimentality; they have no meaning other than an arbitrary number of years since the event concerned.” This interview has been translated into Turkish by M. Onur Yurdal and Kayıhan Kabadayı and was also aired at the same time.

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